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Tuesday, March 26, 2024

The 411 - Parkinson's

Parkinson's - Holding hands

411Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects the motor system. Its symptoms may vary among individuals and typically develop gradually over time. Here are some common symptoms of Parkinson's disease:

  1. Tremors: Tremors, often starting in one hand or finger, are a characteristic symptom of Parkinson's disease. The tremors usually occur at rest and may decrease or disappear during voluntary movement.

  2. Bradykinesia: Bradykinesia refers to slow movements and a general decrease in spontaneous physical activity. Individuals with Parkinson's disease may experience difficulty initiating and executing movements, resulting in a slowness of overall motor function.

  3. Rigidity: Stiffness and muscle rigidity are common in Parkinson's disease. Muscles may become tight and resistant to passive movement, leading to a decreased range of motion. Rigidity can contribute to discomfort or pain.

  4. Postural Instability: As the disease progresses, individuals with Parkinson's disease may experience difficulties with balance and posture. They may have a tendency to stoop or develop a shuffling gait. Falls are more common in later stages.

  5. Impaired Coordination: Parkinson's disease can lead to impaired coordination and difficulties with fine motor skills. Everyday tasks, such as buttoning clothes or writing, may become challenging as a result.

  6. Mask-like Expression: Reduced facial expressions, often described as a "mask-like" appearance, can be observed in individuals with Parkinson's disease. The reduced range of facial movements may affect emotional expression.

  7. Speech and Swallowing Changes: Parkinson's disease can affect speech and swallowing function. Speech may become softer, slower, or more monotone (reduced speech volume or inflection). Swallowing difficulties may lead to drooling or increased risk of aspiration.

  8. Non-Motor Symptoms: In addition to motor symptoms, Parkinson's disease may also present non-motor symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, constipation, depression, anxiety, cognitive changes, loss of smell (anosmia), and autonomic dysfunction (e.g., changes in blood pressure or digestion).

It's important to note that not all individuals with Parkinson's disease will experience every symptom, and the progression and severity of symptoms can vary. If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms, it's recommended to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management.

Source: Some or all of the content was generated using an AI language model

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